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七种素食杂粮的营养搭配

来源:http://www.zyajpx.com 发布时间:2018-08-31

小麦
Wheat
小麦营养丰富,被营养学家称为“人类天然的营养宝库”,不仅营养丰富,还是防病治病的良药。中医认为,小麦性凉、味甘,具有养心益肾、和血润燥、除热止渴的功效,尤其适合心脏病患者在春季食用。并且小麦还有促进人体代谢,延缓身体衰老,改善肝脏功能等作用,对春季养肝十分有帮助。 另外,进食全麦可以降低血液循环中的雌激素含量,进而达到预防乳腺癌的目的;麦麸含高膳食纤维,对高脂蛋白血症、糖尿病、动脉硬化、痔疮、老年性便秘、结肠癌都有预防作用。 对女性朋友而言,小麦还有很好的嫩肤、除皱、去斑的功效。而处于更年期的妇女则更要多食未精制的小麦,因为小麦可以帮助缓解更年期综合征。
Wheat is rich in nutrition, which is called the "natural nutrition treasure house" by nutritionists. It is not only rich in nutrition, but also a good medicine for disease prevention and treatment. Chinese medicine believes that wheat is cool and sweet, with the effect of nourishing the heart and kidney, moistening blood dryness, eliminating heat and thirst, especially suitable for heart disease patients in spring. And wheat also promotes human metabolism, delays body aging, improves liver function and other functions, is very helpful to nourish the liver in spring. In addition, eating whole wheat can reduce the estrogen content in the blood circulation, and thus achieve the purpose of preventing breast cancer; wheat bran contains high dietary fiber, which can prevent hyperlipoproteinemia, diabetes, arteriosclerosis, hemorrhoids, senile constipation, colon cancer. For female friends, wheat has a good effect of skin rejuvenation, wrinkle removal and speckle removal. Women in menopause are more likely to eat unprocessed wheat, which can help alleviate menopausal syndrome.
稻米
Rice
山东艾灸培训
稻米,是五谷之长。稻米其味甘淡,其性平和,具有补中益气、健脾养胃、益精强志、聪明耳目、补五脏、壮筋骨、通血脉、消烦止渴、止泻等作用,经常食用能让人“强身好颜色”。 由于春季气候较为干燥,如果每天能喝点米粥,可以有效预防春季口舌干燥。除此之外,稻米中的蛋白质、脂肪、维生素含量都比较多,多吃能降低胆固醇,减少心脏病发作和中风的几率;稻米米糠的粗纤维分子有助于肠胃蠕动,经常食用可以有效预防胃病、便秘、痔疮等;稻米可预防过敏性疾病、糖尿病、脚气病、老年斑和便秘等症。
Rice is the longest of five grains. Rice tastes sweet and light, its nature is peaceful, with Tonifying Qi, strengthening the spleen and stomach, Yijing Qiangzhi, clever ears and eyes, tonifying the five zang-organs, strengthening muscles and bones, Tongxue, relieve boredom and thirst, stop diarrhea and other effects, often eating can make people "strong color". Because the spring climate is dry, if you can drink rice porridge every day, can effectively prevent dry mouth and tongue in spring. In addition, rice protein, fat, vitamin content are more, eat more can reduce cholesterol, reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke; rice bran crude fiber molecules contribute to gastrointestinal peristalsis, often eat can effectively prevent gastropathy, constipation, hemorrhoids and so on; rice can prevent allergic diseases, sugar Urinary diseases, beriberi, senile plaques and constipation.
玉米
Corn
中医认为,玉米性平,味甘,有健脾利湿、开胃益智、宁心活血的作用,还具有降血脂、降低血清胆固醇的功效,是粗粮中特别的保健佳品。 玉米中的纤维素含量很高,可预防便秘、肠炎、肠癌等;玉米中的维生素E可促进细胞分裂,延缓衰老,降低血清胆固醇,防止皮肤病变,减轻动脉硬化和脑功能衰退;玉米含有的黄体素、玉米黄质可以对抗眼睛老化,抑制抗癌药物对人体的副作用;玉米中的麸氨酸能帮助和促进脑细胞呼吸,清除体内废物,帮助脑组织里胺的排除,具有健脑益智的作用。 经常食用玉米对人体的健康十分有利,尤其是爱美的女士们,由于春季干燥,皮肤容易干燥起皱,玉米中的营养素能帮助抑制、延缓皱纹的产生,保持皮肤细嫩光滑。
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that corn is plain and sweet, has the function of invigorating spleen and dampness, appetizing intellect, tranquilizing heart and activating blood circulation, also has the effect of lowering blood lipid and lowering serum cholesterol, and is a special health care product in coarse grain. Corn contains high content of cellulose, which can prevent constipation, enteritis, bowel cancer, etc. Vitamin E in corn can promote cell division, delay aging, reduce serum cholesterol, prevent skin lesions, alleviate arteriosclerosis and brain function decline; Corn contains lutein, zeaxanthin can resist eye aging, inhibit anti-cancer. The side effects of drugs on the human body; glutenin in corn can help and promote the respiration of brain cells, eliminate waste in the body, help the elimination of brain histamine, has the effect of strengthening the brain and promoting intelligence. Frequent consumption of corn is very beneficial to human health, especially for women who love beauty. Because of the dry spring, the skin is easy to dry and wrinkle. The nutrients in corn can help to inhibit and delay wrinkles, and keep the skin tender and smooth.
黄豆
soybean
黄豆,俗称大豆。对于黄豆,民间俗语有言:“每天吃豆三钱,何需服药连年。”意思就是如果每天能吃点豆类食品,就不会生病。黄豆营养价值极高,有“元素的宝库”之称,是豆类中具有 高营养价值的食物,因此也有“豆中之王”、“田中之肉”、“绿色的牛乳”等美称。 黄豆性平,味甘,具有健脾宽中、润燥消水、清热解毒、益气的功效,因此,春季脾胃虚弱者可经常食用。黄豆中丰富的不饱和脂肪酸能预防心脏病、高血压和动脉硬化等心血管疾病;黄豆中的卵磷脂可以增进和改善大脑机能,增强记忆力,具有健脑益智的作用;黄豆还富含有机锗,可治疗糖尿病、高血压、中风、神经衰弱、关节炎等症;黄豆制品如豆腐,可宽中益气、清热散血,尤其适用于痰热咳喘、伤风外感、咽喉肿痛者。 对女性朋友而言,黄豆中富含异黄酮素,它对预防乳腺癌,改善妇女的更年期症状、骨质疏松症等有特效,经常食用还能有效改善皮肤粗糙、头发枯黄等,具有养颜美容的作用。 但要注意,黄豆及其制品中普林含量较高,痛风病人不宜食用。
Soybeans, commonly known as soybeans. For soybeans, folk proverb says: "eat three beans every day, why need to take medicine for many years?" It means that if you eat beans every day, you won't get sick. Soybean nutritional value is extremely high, known as the "treasure house of elements" is the highest nutritional value of legumes food, so there are also "king of beans", "meat in the field", "green milk" and so on. Soybean is flat in nature and sweet in taste. It has the functions of invigorating the spleen and widening the heart, moistening dryness and eliminating water, clearing away heat and detoxification, and benefiting qi. Therefore, people with weak spleen and stomach in spring can often eat it. Soybean rich in unsaturated fatty acids can prevent heart disease, hypertension and atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases; soybean lecithin can enhance and improve brain function, enhance memory, has the role of strengthening the brain and wisdom; soybean is also rich in organic germanium, can treat diabetes, hypertension, stroke, neurasthenia, joints Soybean products, such as tofu, can be broad and medium-qi, heat-clearing and blood-dispersing, especially suitable for phlegm-heat cough, asthma, cold exogenous, sore throat. For female friends, soybean is rich in isoflavones, it can prevent breast cancer, improve women's menopausal symptoms, osteoporosis and other special effects, often eaten can also effectively improve rough skin, yellowing hair, etc., with a cosmetic effect. However, it should be noted that the content of prin in soybean and its products is high, and gout patients are unsuitable for consumption.
黑米
Black rice
黑米是米中的珍品,素有“药米”、“黑珍珠”、“补血米”、“长寿米”之美誉,所以在我国民间也有“逢黑必补”的说法。 中医认为,黑米具有滋阴补肾、健脾暖肝、明目活血的作用,可以治疗贫血、头昏、视物不清、头发早白等多种病症。 黑米有很强的抗衰老效果,经常食用对于预防动脉硬化有很大的作用;黑米中的钾、镁等矿物质还有利于控制血压,减少患心血管疾病的风险。所以,糖尿病患者和心血管疾病患者可以把黑米当成春季膳食调养的食物,而健康的人则可以通过食用黑米达到春季保健的作用。
Black rice is a treasure of rice, known as the "medicine rice", "black pearl", "blood-tonifying rice", "long-lived rice" reputation, so in our folk also has the "black must be tonic" view. Chinese medicine believes that black rice can nourish yin and kidney, invigorate the spleen and warm the liver, and promote blood circulation. It can treat anemia, dizziness, blurred vision, premature white hair and other diseases. Black rice has a strong anti-aging effect, regular consumption for the prevention of atherosclerosis has a great role; potassium, magnesium and other minerals in black rice is also conducive to controlling blood pressure, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease can take black rice as a spring dietary food, and healthy people can eat black rice to achieve the role of spring health.
薏仁
Barley seed
薏仁,又称薏苡、六谷米等,是我国古老的药食皆佳的粮食之一。因为薏仁的营养价值很高,不论用于滋补还是医疗,作用缓和且效果极佳,因此被称为“世界禾本科植物之王”,在欧洲薏仁还被誉为“生命健康之禾”。 中医认为,薏仁性微寒,味甘淡,入脾、肾、肺经,具有健脾补肺、清热解毒、利湿止泻的作用。 薏仁含有高质量的蛋白质,并且容易被人体消化与吸收,是年老体弱及患病者极佳的滋补食品。薏仁中丰富的维生素B1对预防脚气病十分有用,其中的硒元素对于抑制癌细胞的增殖有一定的作用,具有抗癌防癌的功效,尤其是对于胃癌和子宫颈癌有良好的辅助治疗作用。 对于春季爱美的女性,更应多食薏仁,因为薏仁中丰富的维生素E可以帮助皮肤保持细腻光泽,还具有消除粉刺、色斑,美白皮肤,减少皱纹的养颜功效。 但是,便秘、尿多者及怀孕早期妇女则不宜食用薏仁。
Coix seed, also known as coix seed, and six grain rice, is one of the most ancient food in China. Because of its high nutritional value, it is known as the "King of Gramineous Plants" in the world and is also known as the "Healthy Gramineae" in Europe. Chinese medicine believes that Yanren is slightly cold, delicious, into the spleen, kidney, lung meridian, has the function of strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, clearing away heat and detoxification, dampness and antidiarrhea. Coix seed contains high quality protein, and easy to be digested and absorbed by the human body, is an excellent tonic food for the elderly, weak and sick. Rich vitamin B1 in coix seed is very useful to prevent beriberi. Selenium in coix seed has a certain effect on inhibiting the proliferation of cancer cells. It has the effect of anti-cancer and anti-cancer, especially for gastric cancer and cervical cancer. For women who love beauty in spring, they should eat more Coix seed, because the rich vitamin E in coix seed can help skin to maintain delicate luster, but also to eliminate acne, spots, whitening the skin, reduce wrinkles nourishing effect. However, it is not suitable for women with constipation, urine and early pregnancy.
荞麦
buckwheat
荞麦又名三角麦、乌麦、玉麦,营养丰富,其中的离氨酸和精氨酸的含量比稻米、小麦都高。而且荞麦性凉、味甘,是典型的“三降”食品,即降血压、降血糖、降血脂。而且荞麦中的某些黄酮成分,具有抗菌消炎、止咳平喘和降血糖的功效。 但荞麦中含有多种容易引起过敏的物质,所以体质敏感的人在食用荞麦时要多注意,不可多食。 除了以上食物外,适合春季食用的还有芝麻、燕麦、豇豆、黑豆、豌豆等。
Buckwheat, also known as Triangle Wheat, Wumai, Yumai, is rich in nutrients, in which the content of free amino acid and arginine is higher than that of rice and wheat. Buckwheat is a typical "three-drop" food, that is, lowering blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipid. Moreover, some flavonoids in buckwheat have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antitussive, antiasthmatic and hypoglycemic effects. But buckwheat contains many allergic substances, so people with sensitive constitution should pay more attention when eating buckwheat, not eat more. In addition to the above foods, sesame seeds, oats, cowpeas, black beans, peas and so on are suitable for spring consumption.

 
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